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The Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) funded by the Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Rural Development, aims to bring the assisted families above the poverty line by ensuring appreciable sustained level of income over a period of time. This objective is to be achieved through various initiatives like the process of social mobilization, training, capacity-building and provision of income generating assets. The objective is to help the poor to build their self confidence through community action. This process would ultimately lead to the strengthening and socio-economic empowerment of the rural poor as well as improving their collective bargaining power.


The objective of each special project would be to ensure a time-bound programme for bringing a specific number of BPL families above the poverty line through self-employment programmes. As per the programme guidelines, every assisted family must be brought above the poverty line in three years. The projects may involve different strategies to provide long term sustainable self-employment opportunities either in terms of organization of the rural poor, provision of support infrastructure, technology, marketing, training, etc., or a combination of these.

The Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) programme was started with effect from 01.04.1999 after review and restructuring of erstwhile Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and allied programmes namely, Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Supply of Toolkits in Rural Areas (SITRA) and Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY), besides Million Wells Scheme (MWS). The earlier programmes are no more in operation with the launching of the SGSY.


The Ministry of Rural Development as per the recommendations of the IMG (Inter-Ministerial Group) has decided to launch a pilot programme for Skill Development under SGSY (Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana). This Special Project for unemployed rural youths from Below Poverty Line (BPL) families aims to equip them with employable skill-set to help earn sustainable living wages. These pilot projects for skill development will be taken up at selected districts in states and be funded as special projects under SGSY, with the pattern of assistance between Central and State Governments that is 75:25.